Giro d’Italia Statistics You Shouldn’t Miss (Giro 2021 Included)

Giro d'Italia Statistics

Giro d’Italia is considered one of the most unpredictable and beautiful of all cycling Grand Tours. I decided to take a closer look at all its editions.

In this article, you will learn how Giro d’Italia developed. I believe it will satisfy your curiosity and provide valuable insights into this Grand Tour.

These Giro d’Italia statistics include the total distance, average stage length, or average speed of individual editions and unique data about general, mountain, and points classifications winners.

Without further ado, let’s get to it.

Abbreviations used: GC – General Classification, GT – Grand Tour, BMI – Body Mass Index

I used publicly available data from wikipedia.org, procyclingstats.com, and the official Giro d’Italia website giroditalia.it as data sources. Some data is not available (especially the rider’s weights/heights).

Please, also keep in mind the following

  • Giro d’Italia did not take place between 1915-1918 and 1941-1945.
  • The actual rider’s racing weight could vary.

Giro d’Italia (Over Time)

Giro d’Italia overall distance fluctuated a lot in the past century. However, it never exceeded 4,500 km.

The average Giro d’Italia length was 3,834 km between 1960-1980, 3,820 km between 1980-2000, and “only” 3,490 km between 2000-2020.

However, the overall average speed increased dramatically. It went up from around 25 km/h during the first editions to 35 km/h, and in the past decade, it even exceeded the 40 km/h mark.

This is because we have experienced massive technological progress, riders train according to more effective training methods, and great attention is also paid to diet.

The overall average speed of all editions is 34.90 km/h.

Giro dItalia Overall Distance and Average Speed
Overall Distance and Average Speed

The number of stages increased from 8-15 stages to over 20, depending on the edition. For the last few years, it has remained the same (21).

The chart below also shows that the average Giro d’Italia stage length. It went down from 270 km between 1909-1939 to 184 km between 1949-1979 and 170 km between 1989-2019.

Giro dItalia Overall Distance and Average Speed
Overall Distance and Average Speed


Giro d’Italia (Historical Extremes)

Can you guess the longest and shortest Giro d’Italia edition?

The longest Giro d’Italia took place in 1954. Riders had to cover 4,337 km (this is about the same distance as from Berlin to Doha).

The shortest Giro d’Italia was the 4th edition (1912); it was 2,443 km long.

The longest Giro d’Italia stage ever was the 3rd stage of the 1914 edition. It was 430 km long.

The shortest Giro d’Italia stage ever (excl. prologues) was the individual time trial of stage 9 in the 1960 edition. It was 2.2 km long.

The fastest Giro d’Italia ever took place in 2011. The average speed of the winner was 41.86 km/h.

The slowest Giro d’Italia was the 6th edition (1914). Alfonso Colzari reached a winning time of 135h 17′ 56″ on an overall distance of 3,162 km. This results in an average speed of 23.37 km/h.


Interested in more statistics? I summarized Giro and Vuelta as well.


Giro d’Italia Rider’s Height, Weight, and BMI (Over Time)

How does the Giro d’Italia rider’s height, weight, and BMI develop over time? How do these data differ between riders for the general classification, climbers, and sprinters (all-rounders)?

NOTE: The heights and weight data are unfortunately not available for all riders.

General Classification

The average height of a Giro d’Italia winner is 1.77 m.

The tallest Giro d’Italia winner ever was Gösta Pettersson (Giro 1971). He was 1.89 m tall.

The shortest Giro d’Italia winner ever was Nairo Quintana (Giro 2014). He is 1.67 m tall.

Giro General Classification Winner Height
General Classification Winner Height

The average weight of a Giro d’Italia winner is 67.86 kg.

The heaviest Giro d’Italia winner was Francesco Moser. He won the 1984 Giro, weighing 79 kg.

The lightest Giro d’Italia winner was Marco Pantani. He won the 1998 Giro, weighing just 57 kg.

Giro General Classification Winner Weight
General Classification Winner Weight

I like the BMI chart the most. Let’s quickly repeat what BMI means.

BMI is a measure that uses your height and weight to work out if your weight is healthy. (Source)

Here is a quick guide on how to interpret the values:

  • Below 18.5 – underweight,
  • 18.5-24.9 – normal,
  • 25.0-29.9 – overweight,
  • 30.0 and above – obese.

With this know-how, we get a better understanding of the following values.

A Giro d’Italia winner has an average BMI of 21.62.

A Giro d’Italia winner with the highest BMI was Francesco Moser. He won the 1984 Giro d’Italia with a BMI of 24.38 (1.80 m, 79 kg).

A Giro d’Italia winner with the lowest BMI was Chris Froome. He won the 2018 Giro d’Italia with a BMI of 19.08 (1.86 m, 66 kg).

Giro General Classification Winner BMI
General Classification Winner BMI

Do you want to know how do you compare with pro riders? Feel free to calculate your BMI using the calculator below.

BMI CALCULATOR

System:

Weight: kg

Height: cm




Mountain Classification

The average height of a Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner is 1.73 m.

The tallest Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner ever was Chris Froome (Giro 2018). He is 1.86 m tall.

The shortest Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner ever was José Rujano (Giro 2005). He was 1.62 m tall.

Giro Mountain Classification Winner Height
Mountain Classification Winner Height

The average weight of a Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner is 63.52 kg.

The heaviest Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner was Alfredo Binda (1933). He won the 1933 Giro mountain classification, weighing 77 kg.

The lightest Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner was José Rujano. He won the 2005 Giro mountain classification, weighing just 48 kg.

Giro Mountain Classification Winner Weight
Mountain Classification Winner Weight

Giro d’Italia mountains classification winners have an average BMI of 21.15.

A Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner with the highest BMI was Alfredo Binda. He won the 1933 Giro d’Italia mountains classification with a BMI of 23.77 (1.80 m, 77 kg).

A Giro d’Italia mountains classification winner with the lowest BMI was José Rujano. He won the 2005 Giro d’Italia mountains classification with a BMI of 18.29 (1.62 m, 48 kg). This means he was underweight.

Giro Mountain Classification Winner BMI
Mountain Classification Winner BMI

Points Classification

The average height of a Giro d’Italia points classification winner is 1.78 m.

The tallest Giro d’Italia points classification winner ever was Mario Cipollini (Giro 1992, 1997, 2002). He is 1.89 m tall.

The shortest Giro d’Italia points classification winners ever were Paolo Bettini (2005, 2006), Joaquim Rodríguez (2012). They are 1.69 m tall.

Giro Points Classification Winner Height
Points Classification Winner Height

The average weight of a Giro d’Italia points classification winner is 70.32 kg.

The heaviest Giro d’Italia points classification winner was Francesco Moser. He won the Giro 1976-1978, 1982 points classification, weighing 79 kg.

The lightest Giro d’Italia points classification winner was Joaquim Rodríguez. He won the Giro 2012 points classification, weighing just 57 kg.

Giro Points Classification Winner Weight
Points Classification Winner Weight

A Giro d’Italia points classification winner has an average BMI of 22.06.

A Giro d’Italia points classification winner with the highest BMI was Francesco Moser. He won the 1976-1978 and 1982 Giro points classification with a BMI of 24.39 (1.80 m, 79 kg).

A Giro d’Italia points classification winner with the lowest BMI was Joaquim Rodríguez. He won the 2012 Giro points classification with a BMI of 19.96 (1.69 m, 57 kg).

Giro Points Classification Winner BMI
Points Classification Winner BMI

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Overall Victories, Stage Wins, Days in Pink…

The riders with the most Giro d’Italia GC wins (5) are Eddy Merckx, Fausto Coppi, and Alfredo Binda.

Riders with the Most Overall Giro dItalia Victories
Riders with the Most Overall Giro d’Italia Victories

Eddy Merckx also dominated another statistic. He is the rider with the most days spent in the pink jersey (Maglia Rosa).

Riders with the Most Days in the Pink Jersey
Riders with the Most Days in the Pink Jersey

The following table shows three riders with the most Giro d’Italia stage wins.

#RiderWins
1Mario Cipollini42
2Alfredo Binda41
3Learco Guerra31
4Costante Girardengo30
5Eddy Merckx25
The most Giro d’Italia stage wins

Riders with the Most Mountain & Points Classification Victories

The best climber, according to the number of Mountain Classification victories, was Gino Bartali. He won this classification seven times.

#RiderVictoriesYears
1Gino Bartali71935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947
2José Manuel Fuente41971, 1972, 1973, 1974
3Fausto Coppi
Franco Bitossi
Claudio Bortolotto
Claudio Chiappucci
31948, 1949, 1954
1964, 1965, 1966
1979, 1980, 1981
1990, 1992, 1993
4Raphaël Géminiani
Charly Gaul
Vito Taccone
Andrés Oliva
Lucien Van Impe
Mariano Piccoli
Chepe González
Freddy González
Stefano Garzelli
21952, 1957
1956, 1959
1961, 1963
1975, 1976
1982, 1983
1995, 1996
1997, 1999
2001, 2003
2009, 2011

The best sprinters, according to the number of Points Classification victories, were Francesco Moser and Giuseppe Saronni. They won the sprint classification four times.

#RiderVictoriesYears
1Francesco Moser
Giuseppe Saronni
41976, 1977, 1978, 1982
1979, 1980, 1981, 1983
2Roger De Vlaeminck
Johan van der Velde
Mario Cipollini
31972, 1974, 1975
1985, 1987, 1988
1992, 1997, 2002
3Franco Bitossi
Eddy Merckx
Paolo Bettini
Giacomo Nizzolo
21969, 1970
1968, 1973
2005, 2006
2015, 2016

If you are into cycling and numbers, make sure you also read these Incredible Bicycle Statistics.


Summary

I hope you enjoyed these Giro d’Italia statistics as I did when putting them together. What is your favorite stat? Let me know in the comments below.

Continue reading the All Cycling Grand Tours Statistics Compared or the other two Grand Tours statistics:


Giro d’Italia Statistics FAQ


Sources

wikipedia.org
procyclingstats.com
giroditalia.it

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